Plant Cells Part

Nucleus

Nucleus is a highly specialized cell organelle, which stores the genetic component (chromosomes) of the particular cell. It serves as the main administrative center of the cell, by coordinating the metabolic processes like cell growth, cell division and protein synthesis.

Plastids

Plastids are collective terms for organelles that carry pigments. In a plant cell, chloroplasts are the most prominent forms of plastids, that contain the green chlorophyll pigment.

Ribosomes

Ribosomes are plant cell organelles that comprise of proteins and ribonucleic acid or RNA . They are important organelles responsible for the synthesis of proteins.

Mitochondria

Mitochondria ...

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proteins, golgi body alters and prepares them for exporting outside the cell.

Endoplasmic Reticulum

Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is the connecting link between the nucleus and cytoplasm of the plant cell. Basically, it is a network of interconnected and convoluted sacs that are located in the cytoplasm. Based on the presence or absence of ribosomes, ER can be of smooth or rough types. The former type lacks ribosomes, while the latter is covered with ribosomes. Overall, endoplasmic reticulum serves as a manufacturing, storing and transporting structure for glycogen, proteins, steroids and other compounds.

Vacuoles

Vacuoles are the storage organelles that help in regulating turgor pressure of the plant cell. In a plant cell, there can be more than one vacuole. However, the centrally located vacuole is larger than others, which stores all sorts of chemical compounds. Vacuoles also assist in intracellular digestion of complex molecules and excretion of waste ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 4/4/2011 01:15:12 AM
Submitted By: graduteof2012
Category: Biology
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 424
Pages: 2

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