Situational Analysis - Ethopian River Basin



Executive Summary 1

1 Introduction 2

2 Overview 3

2.1 Historical and Geo -Political Setting 3
2.2 Politics and Governance within Ethiopia 4
2.2.1 National Level 4
2.2.2 Regional Level 5
2.2.3 Local Level 5
2.2.4 Economy 6
2.3 Hydrology 7
2.3.1 Topography and Climate 7
2.3.2 Rainfall 7
2.3.3 Water Rainfall 8
2.3.4 Sediment 9
2.4 Social and Environmental issues in the Nile River Basin 9
2.4.1 Culture 9
2.4.2 Livelihoods and Food Scarcity 9
2.4.3 Livestock Rearing 10
2.4.4 Access to Clean Water and Sanitation 10
2.4.5 Health Status and Gender Disparity 11

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the compilation of this report was carried out through a comprehensive literature review and by investigation of secondary sources.

The key issues that are affecting the Nile River basin in Ethiopia can be broadly summarised as:

. Inequitable allocation of the Nile River Basin water resource.
. Extreme hydrological variability.
. Environmental degradation.
. Insufficient capacity of local government to implement Federal and state policies.
. Food insecurity.
. The need for improved access to drinking water supply and sanitation.

These issues have been presented in a socio-ecological conceptual framework (adapted from Olstrom 2007). The framework is intended to display the interactions between different entities and environments, and is hoped that it will assist in the decision making process of policy formulation and policy implementation, providing a holistic and integrated solution to questions asked from it.

The consultancy has then ...

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is currently occurring as a result of unsustainable agriculture and competition for limited water resources.
. Achieving the Millennium Development Goal targets for access to water supply and sanitation.

1 Introduction

Map 1: Trans-boundary coverage of the Nile River Basin, showing major structures (Nicol 2003, p5)

The Nile River is the world's longest river at 6850 kilometres and drains an area of about 3.1 million square kilometres, one tenth of the African continent (see Map1). Its catchment includes parts of ten countries - Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda (M.El-Fadel et al, 2003, p.108). The ...

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Situational Analysis - Ethopian River Basin. (2017, May 8). Retrieved October 22, 2018, from
"Situational Analysis - Ethopian River Basin.", 8 May. 2017. Web. 22 Oct. 2018. <>
"Situational Analysis - Ethopian River Basin." May 8, 2017. Accessed October 22, 2018.
"Situational Analysis - Ethopian River Basin." May 8, 2017. Accessed October 22, 2018.
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Added: 5/8/2017 05:49:46 AM
Submitted By: NAT1
Category: African Studies
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 6755
Pages: 25

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