The History Of Stonehenge


b. Location of Stonehenge
c. Mow long did it take to build Stonehenge?
II. Stonehenge I
a. The Aubrey Holes
b. The Heel Stone
1. The summer solstice
III. Stonehenge II
a. The Avenue
b. The bluestone
c. The trilithons
IV. Stonehenge Ill
a. The sarsen stones
1. Shaping the sarsen stones
b. Placement of the lintels
V. Conclusion

Some of the most extraordinary monuments in the world today are megaliths.
Megaliths are ancient standing stones that have sacred meanings of
knowledge, rituals, and ceremonies that were built by early civilization.
One of the most exceptional megaliths in Europe today is Stonehenge.
Stonehenge is in a part of the Western Downs called the ...

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with an earth
bank inside it. A ring of holes, known as the Aubrey Holes, were excavated
inside the bank(The World's Last Mysteries). The holes were shallow and
carefully spaced, and almost immediately filled in after being dug.
Archaeological studies have shown the Aubrey Holes never contained stones
or wooden posts; however there were a few instances where bones had been
inserted after the holes had been filled(The World's Last Mysteries).
Scientists have yet to find the meaning of the Aubrey Holes even after
excavation. Other features of the Stonehenge I phase have puzzled
researchers such as; the Heel Stone and several irregular lines of wooden
posts that sit outside the entrance to the northeast.

The Heel Stone is a leaning stone that is 20 feet high with four feet
concealed underground. This stone weighs an estimated 35 tons and stands
within the Avenue leading to Stonehenge. The Heel Stone, when viewed from
the center of the sarsen circle, aligns with the rising sun at ...

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site from the
Prescelly Mountains in SouthWest Wales where rocks of an identical
composition, known as bluestones are found. This journey must have involved
transporting the bluestones by sledges and rafts for 240 miles, over half
of which must have required maneuvering the stones through the tidal waters
of Southern Wales and the Bristol Channel. The bluestone was used to
fashion axes and other weapons, and was traded throughout Britain,
including the Stonehenge region, and scientists believe that a sacred
value was attached to the material (The Age of God-Kings). Later in the
Stonehenge II stage the bluestones were replaced by a circle of huge
sarsen (natural sandstone) boulders capped ...

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Added: 3/24/2005 02:27:20 PM
Category: World History
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1799
Pages: 7

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