The Roman Aqueduct


An example of the Roman ability to turn necessity into practical reality was the development of the aqueduct (from the Latin ducere, meaning, "to lead," and aqua, meaning "water"). Aqueducts were designed to bring fresh water from springs into the city for public use. Pont du Gard is a Roman aqueduct, which brought fresh water to the city from 30 miles away. Pont du Gard is located in Nimes in the south of France. Between 20 and 16 B.C. Marcus Agrippa (a friend and advisor to the Emperor Augustus) commissioned an aqueduct system to bring water to Nimes from natural springs some 30 miles away.
Much of the aqueduct was built below ground or on a low wall, but when it had to cross the ...

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vault system of construction was well suited to a massive engineering project such as the Pont du Gard bridge and aqueduct. With the tunnel vaults in a continuous series side by side, the lateral thrust of each vault is counteracted by its neighbor, so that only the end vaults need to be buttressed. The placement of larger vaults below and smaller ones above serves a structural purpose-support-as well as an esthetic one. The repeated arches not only carry water, but also formally lead your vision across the river (cover page picture). In addition to the utilitarian virtues of the Pont du Gard, the repetition and arrangement of the arches create a formal rhythm that is consistent with its structural logic.
Rome constructed the first aqueduct, the Appian aqueduct. Before aqueducts were built the Romans were content with the use of the Tiber River, as well as wells or springs for obtaining their water. They used rainwater cisterns, which guided water to their wells. Aqueducts ...

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PAPER DETAILS
Added: 3/12/2004 09:16:23 AM
Category: Geography
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 947
Pages: 4

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