Tourette's Disorder

Tourette Syndrome And Other Tic Disorders
Definitions of Tic Disorders
Differential Diagnosis
Associated Behaviors and Cognitive Difficulties
Stimulant Medications
Epidemiology and Genetics
Non-Genetic Contributions
Clinical Assessment Of Tourette Syndrome
Treatment Of Tourette Syndrome
Pharmacological Treatment of Tourette Syndrome
Psychodynamic Psychotherapy
Family Treatment
Genetic Counseling
Academic and Occupational Interventions

Today the full-blown case of TS is unlikely to be confused with any ...

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TS. Many ADHD children, on close examination, have a few phonic or motor tics, grimace, or produce noises similar to those of TS. Since at least half of the TS patients also have attention deficits and hyperactivity as children, a physician may well be confused. However, the treating doctor should be aware of the potential dangers of treating a possible case of TS with stimulant medication. On rare occasions the differentiation between TS and a seizure disorder may be problematic. The symptoms of TS sometimes occur in a rather sharply separated paroxysmal manner and may resemble automatisms. TS patients, however, retain a clear consciousness during such paroxysms. If the diagnosis is in doubt, an EEG may be useful. We have seen TS in association with a number of developmental and other neurological disorders.

It is possible that central nervous system injury from trauma or disease may cause a child to be vulnerable to the expression of the disorder, particularly if ...

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vocal tics: linguistically meaningful utterances such as words and phrases (including coprolalia, echolalia, and palilalia).

Behavioral and Developmental

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, obsessions and compulsions, emotional problems, irritability, impulsivity, aggressivity, and self-injurious behaviors; various learning disabilities


The varied symptoms of TS can be divided into motor, vocal, and behavioral manifestations (Table 2). Complex motor tics can be virtually any type of movement that the body can produce including gyrating, hopping, clapping, tensing arm or neck muscles, touching people or things, and obscene gesturing. At some point in the ...

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Tourette's Disorder. (2008, April 20). Retrieved March 18, 2018, from
"Tourette's Disorder.", 20 Apr. 2008. Web. 18 Mar. 2018. <>
"Tourette's Disorder." April 20, 2008. Accessed March 18, 2018.
"Tourette's Disorder." April 20, 2008. Accessed March 18, 2018.
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Added: 4/20/2008 01:57:56 AM
Category: Health & Medicine
Type: Free Paper
Words: 4652
Pages: 17

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