Ancient Egypt: Old, Middle, And New Kingdom

I. Thesis: Ancient Egyptians were the basis for many western traditions.
influences are noticable in art, architecture, and religion.

II. The Old Kingdom
A. Zoser, the first pharaoh.
1. built the famed Step Pyramid
2. brought unity to Egypt
B. Religion
1. creation
2. gods
C. Art
D. Downfall of the Old Kingdom

III. The Middle Kingdom
A. Pyramids
B. Middle Kingdom religion
1. Myth of Osiris
2. Similarties between the myth of Osiris and Christian beliefs
C. Middle Kingdom art
D. Downfall of the Middle Kingdom

IV. The New Kingdom
A. Valley of the Kings
B. Shift in religion

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core principles remains constant. Yet, despite the ancient Egyptians'
conservative nature, there were some changes within the infrastructure of their
society. Throughout the ages known as the Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom, and New
Kingdom, there has been alterations to their religion, art, and architecture.
Internal forces, as well as outside influences, have molded ancient Egyptian
civilization. This paper will attempt to determine these forces which changed
the Egyptians. Modifications of Egyptian life were subtle, but noticeable and
significant nonetheless. Art, architecture, and religion will be the focus of
this paper. Let us begin at the beginning, with the Old Kingdom.
The Old Kingdom began in the year 2700 B.C. and ended 2200 B.C. The
pharaohs, or kings, of this time include the third through the sixth dynasty,
beginning with Djoser and ending with Pepi II. Djoser, who ruled from 2700 B.C.
to 2650 B.C., changed his name to the more commonly known Zoser. It was ...

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is, all sides were flat planes meeting at some certain point, and the angle of
each corner was 52 degrees. The three built at Gizeh, for Cheops, Chephren, and
Mycenrinus, were the peak of achievement of this field. The pyramids were of
better architecture, more advanced design, and longer durability; however, by
the fifth dynasty, the pyramids were significantly smaller and the construction
was of a lower quality, the result of which can be seen today; the pyramids of
the fifth dynasty are little more than mounds of rubble (David 14). The reason
for the decline in the pyramids has to do with the shifting of power due to new
religious attitudes.
The religion of the ancient ...

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Ancient Egypt: Old, Middle, And New Kingdom. (2005, June 23). Retrieved January 23, 2019, from
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"Ancient Egypt: Old, Middle, And New Kingdom." June 23, 2005. Accessed January 23, 2019.
"Ancient Egypt: Old, Middle, And New Kingdom." June 23, 2005. Accessed January 23, 2019.
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Added: 6/23/2005 05:31:45 PM
Category: Geography
Type: Free Paper
Words: 2284
Pages: 9

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