School bullying has existed for decades, but after recent notable adolescent suicides due to the unyielding abuse, it has become a growing issue that needs to be addressed. Unfortunately, bullying is a common occurrence in most schools. According to the American Psychological Association, 40-80% of students have experienced bullying at some point in their school careers (Graham, 2011). There are many types of bullying. School bullying occurs in connection with education, either or outside of school. The abuse can be physical, verbal, and emotional and is often repeated many times to the individual. With the rise of the Internet and social networking sites, within school bullying, there now ...

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increased risk of the problem. Here are a few individual risk factors of bullying. Bullying in middle school has shown to be the most prevalent and severe (Nansel, 2001). Research reveals that bullying peaks during school transition (i.e., between middle and high school) as youth may utilize bullying to achieve social status. Bullying transcends ethnicity. However, students who are in the ethnic minority in school are more likely to be bullied than students who are in the ethnic majority (Graham, 2006). Unfortunately, religious orientation has become a risk factor for bullying. In a study of 243 Hindu, Muslim, and Pakistani children in the U.K., 57% of boys and 43% of girls reported being bullied because of religious and cultural differences (Eslea & Mukhtar, 2000). Sexual orientation has become a prominent risk factor due to the recent cases of bullying in the news. In 2009, a study conducted with 7,261 students, ages 13 to 21, found that 84.6% of LGBT students were verbally ...

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witness. The youth use bullying to gain resources by demonstrating to their peer witnesses that they can dominate (Pellegrini, 2010). Bullies gauge the success of gaining resources through the relationship between bullies and their target for harassment and the reactions of peers who witness the bullying. There are mainly two types of children who bully. There are the at-risk children, mostly boys, who are impulsively aggressive and overly reactive to real or perceived slights (Cook, Williams et al., 2010). They also may be bullied and harassed by others. Norwegian researcher Dan Olweus, who pioneered bullying research in the 1970s, terms these individuals as bully-victims. These ...

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Bullying. (2011, June 22). Retrieved December 13, 2018, from http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Bullying/99759
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"Bullying." Essayworld.com. June 22, 2011. Accessed December 13, 2018. http://www.essayworld.com/essays/Bullying/99759.
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Added: 6/22/2011 11:52:19 PM
Submitted By: LoveOrchid
Category: Psychology
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 2090
Pages: 8

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