Nature Vs. Nurture

The dubious history of the heredity environment controversy can be
easily traced as far back as the start of the present century with at least some
historical evidence placing the roots of this dispute in the time of John Locke.
This controversy has continued despite continual reiteration that the critical
question is not how much of a trait is due to heredity and how much is due to
environment, but rather how environment transact to influence development.” (
Wachs , 1983, p. 386).
This paper will focus on the nature/nurture controversy and the extent
to which an individuals intellectual level is determined either by inborn
intelligence or by environmental factors.
The ...

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is one of
the most difficult to define and is also one of the most controversial. There
is however, a general agreement that intelligence refers to the overall
faculties of the mind which concern themselves with the sorting of information
in the brain after it has been received by the senses, the perceiving of
relationships between this new data and information which is already in memory,
and the capacity to make rapid and appropriate decisions as a result of the
previous processes.
The intellectual faculties of the brain are dynamic and interactive and
relate to the capacity of the central nervous system to respond speedily and
appropriately in a rapidly changing and potentially threatening environment.
Raymond J. Corsini provides us with a somewhat more simplistic
definition of the term intelligence. According to Corsini (1984) the term
intelligence can be employed to indicate the amount of knowledge available and
the rapidity with which new knowledge ...

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for this research.
Jone's study (1946) shows that there is a modest difference in the
intelligence test scores of twins reared apart, and the more divergent the
environments, the greater the difference.

“While environmental factors are important in raising or lowering a
child's level of intellectual performance, these studies demonstrate that they
only do so within limits set by heredity.” (Mussen, Conger, and Kagon, 1963

The Louisville Twin Study (Wilson, 1983) showed that environmental
considerations such as characteristics of home and the interaction of the mother
with the infant, have a prominent effect upon the infant's mental development.


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Nature Vs. Nurture. (2006, March 17). Retrieved October 23, 2018, from
"Nature Vs. Nurture.", 17 Mar. 2006. Web. 23 Oct. 2018. <>
"Nature Vs. Nurture." March 17, 2006. Accessed October 23, 2018.
"Nature Vs. Nurture." March 17, 2006. Accessed October 23, 2018.
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Added: 3/17/2006 09:15:34 AM
Category: Miscellaneous
Type: Free Paper
Words: 2421
Pages: 9

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