The History Of Affirmative Action

has its roots in the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and stems from the United States Supreme Court Case of Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas. In 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson issued Executive Order #11246 at Howard University that required federal contractors to undertake affirmative action to increase the number of minorities that they employ. He wanted to ensure that minorities were recruited to have real opportunities to be hired and then eventually get a promotion.
In 1969, the Department of Labor exposed widespread racial discrimination of the Construction Department so President Richard M. Nixon decided to encorporate a system of "goals and timetables" to evaluate ...

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President Jimmy Carter consolidated all federal agencies that were required by law to follow the affirmative action play into the Department of Labor. Before Carter did this, each agency handled affirmative action in its own individual way, some were not as consistant as other agencies were. He created the Office of Federal Contract Compliance Program (OFCCP) in 1978 to ensure compliance with the affirmative action policies.
Affirmative action began to go downhill when Ronald Reagan and later George Bush came into office. Affirmative action lost some gains it had made and was mor or less ignored by the Republicans in the White House and in Congress. Affirmative action was silently being "killed" by our federal administrators. But among this destruction there was one positive aspect, the passage of Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.
Finally to the Presidency of Bill Clinton. The Republicans are attempting to scare people into changing their party lines by ...

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and in jobs offered to minorities. This should be viewed as an extremely positive thing, because prior to affirmative action these jobs were almost completely closed off to minorities and woman. The influx has been greatest in the area of government, state and city, because this type of work is easier for affirmative action to watch over and regulate. Affirmative action has experienced considerably less success in integration in big business. This is do to the fact that big business has been more resistant to affirmative action and harder to regulate. However, this is an area that most supporters of affirmative action expect to see a change.
There are many people who don't see ...

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The History Of Affirmative Action. (2007, November 22). Retrieved March 18, 2019, from
"The History Of Affirmative Action.", 22 Nov. 2007. Web. 18 Mar. 2019. <>
"The History Of Affirmative Action." November 22, 2007. Accessed March 18, 2019.
"The History Of Affirmative Action." November 22, 2007. Accessed March 18, 2019.
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Added: 11/22/2007 03:34:39 PM
Category: Government
Type: Premium Paper
Words: 1468
Pages: 6

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